Yilo Krobo Municipal Assembly forms part of the twenty six (26) Municipalities and Districts in the Eastern Region of Ghana. It covers a total estimated surface area of 1,201 square kilometers of the total area of Eastern Region. The Municipality was established by Legislative Instrument (L.I) 2051 .
The Administrative capital of the Municipal is Somanya. The Municipal shares boundaries with New Juaben Municipal and Akwapem Norh District to the west respectively,to the east with Lower Manya Krobo District,to the north with Fanteakwa Districts and to the south with Dangme West District. The population of the municipality according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 87,847 with 42,378 males and 45,469 females.
Cultural Heritage And Customs One of the most striking cultures of the Krobos is the Dipo rite. This was introduced by the Priestess Kloweki as a mark of puberty rites for girls. The Dipo shrines are located in various parts of the Municipality. There are usually small forests around them and people are not allowed to enter the yards of the shrine with sandals.
The Municipal total population according to the 2000 population was 86,107 signifying a 4.1% increase over the population in 1984. With a growth rate of 2.6%, the Municipality’s population is currently estimated at 97,898. The 2000 population census gave a sex ratio of the district as 96 indicating the presence of more females than males.
The population in the age group 0-14 accounts for 39.07% of total Municipal population, this couple with an 8.45% population above 60 years does not only mean a high demand for social services and health facilities, but also high age dependency ratios. The Municipality has a population density of 107 persons per square kilometer. The Municipality is predominantly rural with more than 67% of its population living in rural areas. The average household size for the Municipality is 4.9 persons.
Human Settlement Patterns
There are 237 settlements in the Municipality, out of these only 25 have populations up to 500 and above, the rest have populations below 500 people. This makes the provision of facilities and services economically not viable since most of the settlements would not have the required threshold for the provision of such facilities. The only urban settlement in the Municipality is the Municipal capital (Somanya). The gap between the population sizes of Somanya (23, 973) and the 3 other large settlements (Nkurakan, Klo-Agogo and Huhunya) combined (7,153) is very wide, and therefore better spatial spread of development intervention is needed to reduce the dominance of Somanya.
Two forest reserves are located in the Municipality. These offer potentials for conserving the natural environment. They also offer potentials for tourism and research as they have rare species, herbal plants and waterfall. Problems faced with management of these reserves include illegal felling of trees. Somanya and other populated areas are located near hills. These hills channel off run water toward these settlements. Lack of good drainage network results in erosion and flooding. Erosion has exposed the foundation of most buildings in the Municipal specially Somanya and Oterkpolu.
Majority of the households in the Municipal live in dwellings constructed with modern materials. Most of these dwellings are compound houses, which are potentials for quick spread of communicable diseases, especially cholera. Some amount of landscaping by way of tree and grass are evident at some places in Somanya. The effort of the Forestry, Parks and Gardens Departments should be supported by the Municipal Assembly to improve the landscape in the Municipality.
Priorities for Private Sector Development
The major economic activities in the Municipality are, Agriculture, Services, Trading and Small Scale Industrial activities. About 58% of the working population is engaged in agricultural activities. Service, Trading (Commerce), and Small Scale Industrial activities employ 18.1%, 12.9% and 7.2% of the working population respectively. Effort at promoting economic activities in the Municipallity by the Municipal Assembly is not encouraging. Analysis reveals that spending by the Municipal Assembly on Agriculture and Industry in 2001 was 6% and 0% respectively.
The current spending trend of the Municipality needs to be changed if the issue of poverty is to be addressed in the district. The average household income for the district is ¢4,418,823.00 ($552.35), and the average per capita income for the Municipality is estimated at ¢901,895.00 ($112.73) per annum. These figures are very low and cannot pay for individuals’ basic necessities, if one takes into consideration the current cost of living in the country. The Municipality depends largely on external sources of revenue. The external revenue sources in 2001 for instance contributed about 82% of the total revenue of the Municipal Assembly. The Municipal Assembly Common Fund constituted the bulk of the external source of revenue.
Generally the Municipal Assembly has not been able to achieve its set targets in terms of revenue mobilization since 1998. The Municipal Assembly is indebted to the tune of ¢8,167,474,363.00 as a result of contracts that were pre-financed by contractors. In addition, projects worth ¢2,489,402,033.00 are currently on going. The main production activities in the Yilo-Krobo Municipality are agriculture, small-scale industry and services.
The Yilo Krobo Municipal has a total population of 86,107 people, consisting of 41 ,830 males and 44,277 females. The Municipality has a population density of 107 persons per square kilometers. About 68% of the people in the district live in the rural area.
Major settlements in the Municipality include:
Somanya 23,493 people
Nkurakan 4,422 people
Oterkpolu 1,500 people
Obawale 2,232 people
Huhunya 1,153 people
Klo-Agogo 1,065 people
Somanya is the capital of the Yilo Krobo Municipal. It is 69.0 km from Accra (the capital) and about 50.0 km from Koforidua (the regional capital).
The Yilo Krobo Municipal covers an estimated area of 805 sq km. It shares boundaries with Manya Krobo District in the North and East, Damgbe West and Akwapim North Districts in the South; New Juabeng, East Akim and Fanteakwa Districts in the West.
The relief is dominated by the Akwapim- Togo Ranges, which form the main watershed, stretching from South – West to North East across the municipal. The Land rises from a height of about 100m in the low in the Southeast to over 600m above sea level on the ridge in the West. Rivers on the Eastern side of the ranges flow in eastward direction into the Volta River/Lake and those on the West flow into Densu River.
The Eastern lowlands are interrupted by the Krobo Mountains in the Southeastern part of the municipality. The municipality lies within the equatorial climatic zone. Temperature ranges between a minimum of 24.90 C and a maximum of 29.90 C. A relative humidity of 60 – 93 percent is characteristic of the municipality. It enjoys double maximal rainfall with the two peaks occurring in May June and September to October. Annual rainfall ranges between 75omm in the Southeast, to 1500 mm on the slopes of the ranges in the Northwest.
The wetter Northwest part of the municipality falls within the semi deciduous forest zones, which have been fast changing into deprived savannah through excessive human activities. The Accra plains dominate the southeastern lowlands, which are covered with savannah vegetation. The predominant soils are loose, sandy loam, with; low water-holding capacity, which have been developed from the underlying Voltarian sandstone. The steep slopes are excessively drained whilst the flat lowlands are poorly drained and waterlogged during the raining season.
The municipality has an estimated total road network coverage of 240 km. This includes 80km of first class roads linking up the district capital to Accra, Tema, Koforidua, Ho and Asesewa and Akosombo. There are also about 160kms of feeder roads linking up the market centres and major settlements. Most people in the municipality especially farmers, however, still trudge to and from settlements and rural fields on footpaths carrying farm produce.
Investment And Business Potential
Favorable conditions like good soils, water resources, land, labor etc exists in the Yilo Krobo Municipality for the cultivation of variety of crops, fish farming and livestock rearing and large and medium scale.
Currently, the main types of crops grown in the district are maize, vegetables, cassava, mango, plantain, oil palm, yam and cocoyam
The possible investment areas include:
- Cashew, oil palm, vegetables, mangoes, sugarcane, pineapples, cassava and plantain cultivation.
- Livestock / Poultry rearing
- Fish farming
- Distribution and Marketing of Agricultural produce
- Agro- Processing
The Municipality has large deposits of stones. There are also large deposits of good quality limestone located at Klo-Begoro, Oterklopu and Obawale. Clay is also found in several parts of the district the most prominent is at Okwenya, near Somanya. Small-scale operators are currently mining these minerals.
Possible Investment Areas
- Manufacturing of Bricks and tiles
- Manufacturing of ceramics
- Manufacturing of cement and terrazzo
- Lime stone quarry and production of stone chips
There are a number of Small Scale Industries engaged in food processing, wood processing, distilling, beads making, soap making, leather works, pottery making, block molding and repair shops. The main problems facing these industries are lack of entrepreneurial and managerial skills, lack of equipment and credit facilities.
Most educational facilities are in poor state, and there is high drop out rate especially between the JSS and SSS levels, residents attend hospital in other districts. This situation results to; difficulty in getting health data, increase in disease complications due to delay of clients arriving at hospitals where they are referred, increase in self medication and quack doctors.
The above situation requires the intervention of Governmental and Non Governmental Organizations and Private Organizations and Individuals.
Possible Investment Areas
- Provision of income generating activities
- Training of Small Scale Industrialists
- Assisting Small Scale Industries with credit
- Provision of educational facilities
- Provision of health facilities
The Yilo Krobo Municipality has enormous potentials for investment and the Assembly and other public institutions are ever prepared to assist any investor wanting to invest in the municipality.
Somanya, Yilo Krobo’s Municipal capital, is well positioned for a one-stop visit to all the tourist sites in the area. Just 69 kilometres from Accra; it is a mere one-hour drive from the national capital.Tourist attractions abound in the municipal. Boti Falls at Boti Okwenya is unique because the water falls from two angles. When the two merge, it is said that they are mating.
The merging forms a rainbow. Within the vicinity of the falls are summer huts and other visitor facilities. The ancestral caves in the Krobos Mountains form an ancestral home of the Krobos. The top of the mountain has a lot of natural features, including cells in which social misfits were detained. Tourists who visit the mountains can climb and see these features for themselves. The Krobos celebrate the Kloyosikplemi Festival, during which they pay homage to their ancestral home.
The festival is usually held in November by the chiefs and people of the Yilo Krobo Traditional Area. There is a three-edged palm tree with a stone breast at a village near Boti. What makes this tree unique are the three branches from the base of the tree, an extremely unusual occurrence.The Krobos are one of the Dangme speaking tribes, who practise the Dipo rites usually held in March and April.
Being a widely celebrated festival includes the preparation of special meals and the wearing of special costumes, which prove interesting to tourists. The rites usually take three days.Somanya is noted for the production of high quality beads used by traditional rulers and queens. Their use, however, is not restricted to these two groups and some of the beads are displayed by the traditional rulers and queens.
Some of the beads are made from broken bottles and plastic.The people of the district receive visitors with open arms, which makes them well loved by all those who have visited the area.The Assembly and the people have realised that tourism transcends socio-economic sectors and that all stakeholders have a role to play in attracting tourists to the district.
There are number of tourism potentials in the municipality, the major ones are the Boti Waterfalls, Krobo Mountain, Unique Oil Palm trees, Umbrella Rock and Kloyo-Sikplemi festivals
The Boti waterfall is located at Boti near Huhunya on the Ponpon River. It is a major tourist centre in the district and in Ghana. The height of the waterfall is 150ft and has a maximum speed of 25 kilometers per second.
Distances to the fall from some major towns:
The ideal period to visit the waterfall is June to August. Other periods are also good except December to March when the Ponpon River dries up. Facilities at the fall are inadequate, despite this, people patronize it. About 2,300 people visit the falls each month and 2,500 people a day on special days e.g. Republic Day. There is an Umbrella-like Rock and a Tree-Headed Palm Tree within the vicinity ofthe botifalls. A total land area of 183 acres has been surveyed for the development of these potentials. There is also Snake-like Palm Tree located at Yiwase.
Another tourism potential is the Krobo Mountains (about 2000ft) located at the intersection ofthe Accra-Akosombo and Somanya-Akuse roads. This mountain was the original home of the Krobo people. Some traditional structures depicting the Krobo culture still exist and some activities are carried out there.
Kloyo-sikplemi festival is an important event in the municipal. The Yilo Krobos celebrate it to mark the migration from the Krobo Mountain. It is celebrated in October every year.
Nsutapong water falls
Umbrella rock – in the Boti area
Three headed palm tree – located at Asiafo.
Snake-like palm tree
Asinesi hills, Krobo Mountains
Possible Investment Areas
Conservation of up-stream of River Ponpon
Construction of some access roads
Construction of Hotels and Cafeteria/Restaurants
Telephone and Internet facilities
Open and paved area for dancing
Construction of resting platforms and seat
Creating of pathways through the Boti forest
Hiking trails and viewing platforms
Provision of reliable potable water supply
Zoo within the Boti Forest Reserve